Species

The following lists give the scientific names of all terrestrial plants and vertebrate animals referred to only by common names in the Atlas. These lists are not a complete documentation of all the animals or plants that occur in Alberta. The list of animals is in taxonomic order, while terrestrial plants are listed in alphabetical order by common name. The scientific names for aquatic plants, algae and invertebrates are included in the text. The authorities used were:

Mammals:

Jones, J. K., Jr., D. C. Carter, H. H. Genoways, R.S. Hoffmann, D.W. Rice and C. Jones. 1986. Revised checklist of North American mammals north of Mexico, 1986. Occasional Paper No. 107, The Museum. Texas Tech. Univ., Texas.

Smith, H.C. 1985. A checklist of the mammals of Alberta. Occasional Paper No. 6. Prov. Museum Alta., Edmonton.

Birds:

Godfrey, W.E. 1986. The Birds of Canada. Natl. Museums Can., Ottawa.

Salt, W.R. and A.L. Wilk. Birds of Alberta. 1966. The Queen's Printer, Edmonton.

Reptiles:

Cook, F.R. 1984. Introduction to Canadian amphibians and reptiles. Natl. Museum Nat. Sci., Ottawa.

Amphibians:

Cook, F.R. 1984. Introduction to Canadian amphibians and reptiles. Natl. Museum Nat. Sci., Ottawa.

Fish:

Nelson, J.S. 1990. Univ. Alta., Dept. Zool., Edmonton. Pers. comm.

Paetz, M.1. and J.S. Nelson. 1970. The fishes of Alberta. The Queen's Printer, Edmonton.

Scott, W.B. and E.J. Crossman. 1973. Freshwater fishes of Canada. Fish. Res. Bd. Can. Bull. No. 184, Ottawa.

Plants:

Moss, E.H. 1983. Flora of Alberta. 2nd ed. Univ. Toronto Press, Toronto.

MAMMALS

Bats (Order Chiroptera)

Little brown bat Myotis lucifugus

Big brown bat Eptesicus fuscus

Hares and rabbits (Order Lagamorpha)

White-tailed jackrabbit Lepus townsendii

Snowshoe hare; Varying hare Lepus americanus

Rodents (Order Rodentia)

Woodchuck Marmota monax

Hoary marmot Marmota caligata

Richardson's ground squirrel Spermophilus richardsonii

Franklin's ground squirrel Spermophilus franklinii

Columbian ground squirrel Spermophilus columbianus

Least chipmunk Eutamias minimus

Red squirrel Tamiasciurus hudsonicus

Beaver Castor canadensis

Deer mouse Peromyscus maniculatus

Northern bog lemming Synaptomys borealis

Meadow vole Microtus pennsylvanicus

Muskrat Ondatra zibethicus

Porcupine Erithizon dorsatum

Meat-eaters (Order Carnivora)

Coyote Canis latrans

Gray wolf Canis lupus

Red fox Vulpes vulpes

Black bear Ursus americanus

Grizzly bear Ursus arctos

Marten Mantes americana

Fisher Mantes pennanti

Ermine Mustela erminea

Long-tailed weasel Mustela frenata

Mink Mustela vison

Least weasel Mustela nivalis

Wolverine Gulo gulo

Badger Taxidea taxus

Striped skunk Mephitis mephitis

River otter Lutra canadensis

Cougar Felis concolor

Lynx Lynx canaderisis

Bobcat Lynx rufus

Hoofed mammals (Order Artiodactyla)

Wapiti; Elk Cervus elaphus

Mule deer Odocoileus hemionus

White-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus

Moose Alces alces

Woodland caribou Rangifer tarandus

Pronghorm; Antelope Antilocapra americana

Bison; Buffalo Bison bison

Mountain goat Oreamnos americanus

Bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis

BIRDS

Loons (Order Gaviiformes)

Common Loon Gavia immer

Grebes (Order Podicipediformes)

Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena

Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus

Eared Grebe Podiceps nigricollis

Western Grebe Aechmophorus occidentalis

Pelicans (Order Pelecaniformes)

White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos

Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus

Herons (Order Ciconiiformes)

Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias

Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax

American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus

Swans, Geese and Ducks (Order Anseriformes)

Whistling Swan Olor columbianus

Trumpeter Swan O1or buccinator

Canada Goose Branta canadensis

White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons

Snow Goose Chen hyperborea

Ross's Goose Chen rossii

Mallard Anas platyrhynchos

Gadwall Anas strepera

Northern Pintail Anas acuta

Green-winged Teal Anas crecca

Blue-winged Teal Anas discors

Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera

American Widgeon Anas americana

Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata

Redhead Aythya americana

Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris

Canvasback Aythya valisineria

Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis

Common Goldeneyc Bucephala clangula

Barrow's Goldeneye Bucephala islandica

Bufflehead Bucephala albeola

Oldsquaw Clangula hyemalis

White-winger Scoter Melanitta deglandi

Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicillata

Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis

Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus

Common Merganser Mergus merganser

Hawks (Order Falconiformes)

Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura

Cooper's Hawk Accipiter cooperii

Red-tailed Flawk Buteo jamaicensis

Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni

Ferruginous Hawk Buteo regalis

Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos

Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus

Marsh Hawk Circus cyaneus

Osprey Pandion haliaetus

Prairie Falcon Falco mexicanus

Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus

Merlin; Pigeon Hawk Falco columbarius

American Kestrel; Sparrow Hawk Fake sparverius

Grouse (Order Galliformes)

Spruce Grouse Dendragapus canadensis

Ruffed Grouse Bonasa umbellus

Sharp-tailed Grouse Tympanuchus phasianellus

Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus

Hungarian Partridge Perdix perdix

Turkey Meleagris gallopavo

Cranes and Rails (Order Gruiformes)

Whooping Crane Grus americana

Sandhill Crane Grus canadensis

Sora Porzana carolina

Yellow Rail Coturnicops noveboracensis

American Coot Fulica americana

Shorebirds and Gulls (Order Charadriiformes)

Piping Plover Charadrius melodus

Killdeer Charadrius vociferus

American Golden Plover Pluvialis dominica

Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola

Common Snipe Capella gallinago

Long-billed Curlew Numenius americanus

Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia

Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria

Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleucus

Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes

Willet Catoptrophorus semipalmatus

Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres

Knot Calidris canutus

Sanderling Calidris alba

Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusillus

Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla

Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos

Baird's Sandpiper Calidris bairdii

Dunlin Calidris alpina

Stilt Sandpiper Micropalama himantopus

Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus

Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus

Buff-breasted Sandpiper Tryngites subruficollis

Marbled Godwit Limosa fedoa

Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica

American Avocet Recurvirostra americana

Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus

Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor

Northern Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus

Parasitic Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus

California Gull Larus californicus

Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis

Franklin's Gull Larus pipixcan

Bonaparte's Gull Laws philadelphia

Sabine's Gull Xema sabini

Forster s Tern Sterna forsteri

Common Tern Sterna hirundo

Black Tern Chlidonias niger

Pigeons and Doves (Order Columbiformes)

Mourning Dove Zenaidura macroura

Owls (Order Strigiformes)

Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus

Hawk Owl Surnia ulula

Pygmy Owl Glaucidium gnoma

Barred Owl Strix varia

Great Gray Owl Strix nebulosa

Boreal Owl Aegolius funereus

Saw-whet Owl Aegolius acadicus

Long-eared Owl Asio otus

Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus

Goatsuckers (Order Caprimulgiformes)

Poor-will Phalaenoptilus nuttalli

Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor

Hummingbirds (Order Apodiformes)

Rufous Hummingbird Selasphorus rufus

Calliope Hummingbird Stellula calliope

Ruby-throated Hummingbird Archilocus colubris

Kingfishers (Order Coraciiformes)

Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon

Perching Birds (Order Passeriformes)

Horned Lark Eremophila alpestris

Violet-green Swallow Tachycineta thalassina

Tree Swallow Iridoprocne bicolor

Bank Swallow Riparia riparia

Purple Martin Progne subis

Gray Jay Perisoreus canadensis

Black-capped Chickadee Pants atricapillus

Mountain Chickadee Parus gambeli

Boreal Chickadee Parus hudsonicus

Long-billed Marsh Wren Telmatodytes palustris

Sprague's Pipit Anthus spragueii

Black and White Warbler Mniotilta varia

Tennessee Warbler Vermivora peregrina

Orange-crowned Warbler Vemivora celata

Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia

Magnolia Warbler Dendroica magnolia

Cape May Warbler Dendroica tigrina

Myrtle Warbler Dendroica coronata

Black-throated Green Warbler Dendroica virens

Blackburnian Warbler Dendroica fusca

Chestnut-sided Warbler Dendroica pensylvanica

Bay-breasted Warbler Dendroica castanea

Blackpoll Warbler Dendroica striata

Palm Warbler Dendroica palmarum

Nashville Warbler Vermivora ruficapilla

Mourning Warbler Opororonis philadelphia

Macgillivray's Warbler Opororonis tolmiei

Wilson's Warbler Wilsonia pusilla

Canada Warbler Wilsonia canadensis

American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla

Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus

Redwinged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus

Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana

White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera

Savannah Sparrow: Passerculus sandwichensis

Leconte's Sparrow Passerherbulus caudacutus

Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus

Clay-colored Sparrow Spizella pallida

White-throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis

Swamp Sparrow Melospiza georgiana

Chestnut-collared Longspur Calarius ornatus

REPTILES

Snakes (Order Squamata)

Western garter snake Thamnophis elegans

Plains garter snake Thamnophis radix

AMPHIBIANS

Frogs and toads (Order Anura)

Western toad Bufo boreas

Canadian toad Bufo americanus hemiophrys

Chorus frog Pseudacris triseriata

Northern leopard frog Rana pipiens

Spotted frog Rana pretiosa

Wood frog Rana sylvatica

Salamanders (Order Urodela)

Tiger salamander Ambystoma tigrinum

FISH

Sturgeons (Family Acipenscridae)

Lake sturgeon Acipenser fulvescens

Trout and Whitefish (Family Salmonidae)

Cisco Coregenus artedii

Lake whitefish Coregonus clupeaformis

Shortjaw cisco Coregonus zenithicus

Kokanee Oncorhynchus nerka

Round whitefish Prosopium cylindraceum

Mountain whitefish Prosopium williamsoni

Cutthroat trout Salmo clarki (= Oncorhynchus clarki)

Rainbow trout Salmo gairdneri (= Oneorhynehus mykiss)

Brown trout Salmo trutta

Brook trout Salvelinus fontinalis

Bull trout Salvelinus confluentus

Lake trout Salvelinus namaycush

Arctic grayling Thymallus arcticus

Mooneye (Family Hiodontidae)

Goldeye Hiodon alosoides

Pike (Family Esocidac)

Northern pike Esox lucius

Minnows (Family Cyprinidae)

Northern redbelly dace Phoxinus eos

Finescale dace Phoxinus neogaeus

Lake chub Couesius plumbeus

Brassy minnow Hybognathus hankinsoni

Emerald shiner Notropis atherinoides

Spottail shiner Notropis hudsonius

Fathead minnow Pimephales promelas

Flathead chub Platygobio gracilis

Longnose dace Rhinichthys cataractae

Pearl dace Semotilus margarita

Suckers (Family Catostomidae)

Quillback Carpiodes cyprinus

Longnose sucker Catostomus catostomus

White sucker Catostomus commersoni

Mountain sucker Catostomus platyrhynchus

Shorthead redhorse Moxostoma macrolepidotum

Cod (Family Gadidac)

Burbot Lola Iota

Sticklebacks (Family Gasterosteidae)

Brook stickleback Culea inconstans

Threespine stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus

Ninespine stickleback Pungitius pungitius

Trout-perch (Family Percopsidae)

Trout-perch Percopsis omiscomaycus

Perch (Family Percidae)

Yellow perch Perca flavescens

Sauger Stizostedion canadense

Walleye Stizostedion vitreum

Iowa darter Etheostoma exile

Sculpins (Family Cottidac)

Shorthead sculpin Cottus confusus

Slimy sculpin Cottus cognatus

Spoonhead sculpin Cottus ricei

Deepwater sculpin Myoxocephalus quadricornis

TERRESTRIAL PLANTS

Alder Alnus spp.

Aspen, trembling Populus tremuloides

Bearberry, common Arctostaphylos uva-ursi

Birch Betula spp.

Birch, dwarf; Birch, bog Betula glandulosa

Birch, swamp Betula pumila

Birch, white Mull papyrifera

Blueberry Vaccinium spp.

Bluegrass Poa spp.

Buckbrush Symphoricarpos occidentalis

Buffalo-berry Shepherdia canadensis

Bunchberry Cornus canadensis

Cactus, cushion Coryphantha vivipara

Cactus, prickly pear Opuntia spp.

Choke cherry Prunus virginiana

Coral-root orchid, pale Corallorhiza trifida

Coral-root orchid, spotted Corallorhiza maculata

Coral-root orchid, striped Corallorhiza striata

Cottonwood, lance-leaf Populus acuminata

Cottonwood, narrow-leaf Populus angustifolia

Cranberry, low-bush Viburnum edule

Feathermoss Pleuroziom schreberi

Feathermoss Hylocomium splendens

Feathermoss Ptilium crista-castrensis

Fescue Festuca spp.

Fescue, rough Festuca scabrella

Fir, alpine Abies lasiocarpa

Fir, balsam Abies balsamea

Fir, Douglas Pseudotsuga menziesii

Fireweed Epilobium angustifolium

Glacier lily Erythronium grandiflorum

Grass, grama Bouteloua gracilis

Grass, june Koeleria macrantha

Grass, oat Danthonia spp.

Grass, Parry oat Danthonia parryi

Grass, reed Calamagrostis spp.

Grass, rye Elymus innovatus

Grass, spear; Needle and thread Stipa comata

Grass, wheat Agropyron spp.

Heath Cassiope spp.

Heath Phyllodoce spp.

Horsetail Equisetum spp.

Jacob's ladder Polemonium pulcherrimum

Indian paint-brush, common red Castilleja miniata

Juniper, creeping Juniperus horizontalis

Labrador tea Ledum groenlandicum

Larch, alpine Larix lyallii

Pine, jack Pinus banksiana

Pine, limber Pinus flexilis

Pine, lodgepole Pinus contorta

Pine, whitebark Pinus albicaulis

Poison ivy Rims radicans

Poplar, balsam Populus balsamifera

Rose, wild Rosa spp.

Sage Artemisia spp.

Saskatoon Amelanchier alnifolia

Scorpion weed Phacelia spp.

Sedge Carex spp.

Snowberry Symphoricarpos albus

Spruce, black Picea mariana

Spruce, Engelmann Picea engelmannii

Spruce, white Picea glauca

Tamarack Larix laricina

Willow Salix spp.

Wolf willow; Silverberry Elaegnus commutata